Thursday, December 31, 2009

Karachi blast on 10th Muharram – An analysis by Nadia Khan

Karachi blast on 10th Muharram (28th December 2009) – An analysis

by Nadia Khan


Even though IG Police Sind is yet to confirm the Karachi blast as suicide attack, many media centres had presented an innocent scout as suicide attacker, but later corrected the story. There are various angles one would look at this Karachi blast:


o       A suicide attacker blasted himself in 10th Muharram, Ashura procession, killing number of innocent participants. Even though Ismat ullah, a famous Taliban commander had accepted the responsibility of suicide but the Tehreek e Taliban Pakistan (TTP) wasn’t involved in looting, igniting fire, and damaging public properties. If so then wasn’t it a planned action?


o       Retaliating the action of suicide attacker, number of angry protestors, mostly youngsters took the law in their own hands and for two and half hours thousand of shops and buildings came under fire. Who were these people?


o       All video footages show that Police remained the silent observer while the game of fire was in action. Why Police remained silent?


Out of these questions, one point is evident that present Karachi City administration under the leadership of Mustafa Kamal lacks the knowledge of Crisis Management or how to manage situations of like that kind is beyond their control especially when provincial government is not having friendly ties with them!


While we find the answers of above questions, we will see who is benefiting most out of this blast.


Taliban, or TTP, normally sends suicide attacker to specified targets especially the security agencies head quarters, or security apparatus infrastructure or Police centres or even mosques where security personnel’s gather. But in Karachi and on 10th Muharram, all the participants were common men & women, mostly belonging to Shia sect, with no security affiliations. Hence, the claim of TTP or Ismat Ullah needs more evidence or further investigation. Either, it was Taliban or someone hiding behind Taliban and owns the responsibility for some other hidden motives!


Then, why Police became silent when angry protestors were rioting and causing destruction to public property? This is possible only when they were given strict instructions from provincial Home Ministry to remain calms in case law & order situation becoming worse especially in processions! But for what! Was someone teaching the lesson to MQM, who holds the political majority in the city, for not being taking “his” side over infamous NRO or someone trying to expose that MQM and its Nazim is not capable enough to handle the crisis situation. Karachi, as MQM claims, is their city and within their city thousand of middle level businessmen lost their business & property while MQM & its team were helplessly watching it being destroyed. Sind home ministry under Dr Zulfiqar Mirza, few weeks before, under the fire line of NRO discussion and before Supreme Court verdict, was trying to expose MQM for not being joining them over NRO. Is this a lesson taught to Altaf Hussain in Karachi?


No matter what ever is the situation, Altaf Hussain, in his traditional crying voice, blamed Taliban for all such incidents. That’s good; he didn’t blame Taliban for destroying public property otherwise if it is not stored in video footage he could have lashed out Taliban for igniting fire and public property destruction. But Hussain’s all time hatred with Pathans, was equally responded by Shahi Syed, the Sind-based leader of ANP, during a counter press conference that the angry protestors of past such as mob of 27th December 2007 or 12th May 2008 wasn’t brought to justice, so as this one too, hence culprits are getting strength! No matter dozens of Karachities lost their lives but game of provincial politics to take over the city of Karachi has exposed! Today, while taking to religious leadership of Karachi, when Mr. Hussain has blamed Taliban and asked religious scholars (Ulemas) help to eradicate Taliban from Karachi – a city which he feels that he owns, it was shocking that one of the participant, on condition of anonymity, has said that “his (Altaf Hussain) hatred against Pakhtoons is evident since long and he is hiding it behind Taliban. Anyway, food quality was good and I had enjoyed!”


Another view, just a day before on 27th December 2009, the most aggressive speech of any President of Pakistan, was under fire from all corners. With Karachi sad incident, it went onto back burner as with the attack, all the provincial political leaders have started the blame game and within that noise President’s speech became out of focus! May be, someone very tactically has helped the lingering President to get rid of his most ridiculous -but full of blames over establishment- words! Also, with this sad news the infamous NRO and actions against the besieged President went of press, at least for the time being!


Though Black Water agents are progressing in Pakistan with all sorts of covert operations and destructions especially in FATA areas but their targets are well known (Taliban or elements fighting against US forces) and focused through drones. Their involvement in Karachi, ideally on a long-term basis could exist, but on 10th Muharram blast, it is quite difficult to agree with Mufti Rafi Usmani who has blamed them. Once, it is settled that was it a suicide attack or a planted bomb then many of the doubts would be washed out? PPP government will try its best to term it as suicide attack and with a fact that none of the government could prevent it, it will rescue itself. What if it turns out to be a planted bomb, probably in any of the windows of nearby-parked ambulance, then both MQM & security agencies, along Dr Zulfiqar Mirza, provincial home minister, would be under fire for inadequate facilities & operational risk mitigation measures.


For a simple reason - angry mob handling soon after the blast, both MQM and PPP internal rift (possibly over NRO) has resulted in loss of number of innocent lives as well as injured who could become permanently disabled or thousands who lost their businesses and in turn loss of jobs as a chain reaction!


Who will take care of such poor’s?

Posted via email from nadia_khaan's posterous

Saturday, December 12, 2009

Pakistan: From all the four corners! by Nadia Khan

Pakistan: From all the four corners!

by Nadia Khan


While President Zardari is struggling to survive against the odds of NRO – in supreme Court of Pakistan either by posing himself as ‘most confident’ or on state TV posing Aitizaz Ahsan sitting & chatting with him in President House, the country is cornered from all sides by number of ‘state actors.’


1.      Growing influence of India –through military or economic assistance - in a war-torn Afghanistan , where a pro Indian govt is installed, is clearly visible. While walking onto the streets of Kabul, which is the only 80km radius where newly ‘elected’ Karzai rule of law is in action, I could see number of Sikhs (Sardar Jees) walking, Hindi movies CDs/DVDs being sold by Pashtun boys, and number of Indian restaurants, indicate that ‘Bollywood business’ is in real action in a country, once famous for Islamic fundamentalism & then controlled by Taliban, safely in favour of Pakistan. If day-to-day business is going hand-in-hand like Kabul Express with Indians, then who would say that Indian intelligence agencies especially RAW could give up such a fantastic opportunity against Pakistan!!!


2.      Purposely to portray his ‘soft’ image or “by mistake” Zardari-led govt’s invitation of Hamid Karzai during President’s oath taking ceremony and year later ‘presentation at Karzai’s oath taking ceremony even though it was through most controversial elections in Afghanistan, had no impact on US authorities. Rather than on Pakistanis that PPPP govt is getting inclined towards India through Afghanistan .


3.      Further, the confusion by present govt during Mumbai-Taj shooting episode; to send ISI chief to New Delhi then its withdrawal, had left no space for Pakistani diplomats to counter the growing influence of Indian ICS cadre all over the world! Even though President Zardari had tried to ascertain non-state actors, he was trying to bring Al Qaida factor here, involvement in that but they way it was twisted by Indian diplomats against Pakistan itself to term the country as safe-heaven for terrorism, was not even thought by the Pakistani President. Hafiz Saeed or Lashker e Tayyba’s implication and then forced “request” to China to remove the veto-bar against Indian resolution in United Nations has fired-back at Pakistan its self. Hafiz Saeed’s acquittal by higher judiciary and then his open letter to media men that “killing of innocent non-Muslims in non-Muslim countries is not endorsed by him and he feels sympathetic for the victims of Mumbai-Taj Hotel” indicates that someone even higher than Lashker e Tayyba tried to use its name for destabilizing normal relations between India and Pakistan. Who could be that state or non-state actors!!!


4.      The instigation of hidden US intelligence agencies, as many analyst say, towards Jund Ullah to provoke a new ground with Iran through Pakistani Baluchistan, is an action of building pressure on an already weak govt of Pakistan to leverage more from them! Pakistani intelligence agencies, at this stage when Pak Army is engaged in FATA rooting out the foreign elements especially Uzbeks, couldn’t take a risk of opening another ground against an old ally, Iran , for the sake of nothing. So elements like Jund Ullah are being funded by the foreign hands who would like to destabilize Pakistan through its angry arm – Baluchistan !


5.      Not because of Barhamdakh Bugti or Akhter Mengal or Dr Hai Baloch or Marri tribal heads, hiding out side Baluchistan, Baluchistan is brought to lime light by US authorities due to their quote that ‘Mullah Omer’s whole Taliban Shura (advisers) is residing in Quetta’ is paving a way towards a new conspiracy against Pakistan. A province where Pakistan flag hoisting is not possible in common schools and buildings, where a group of angry youngsters is fighting against law enforcement agencies reminds that external forces are trying to stage a ground where ‘Quetta could be another Dhaka!


6.      From East Punjab side, Kashmir issue has gone to back-burner as all attention is towards North and South Waziristan and FATA after Swat successful operation.


7.      At internal fronts, President Zardari-led weak federal government efforts to take control over powerful military-establishment through Kerry-Lugar bill, all had gone in vain. The list of failure includes delay in restoration of judiciary until 16th March long march, loss of credibility in his own accords, keeping Charter of Democracy (CoD) set aside, and the latest one is NRO where the newly-restored judiciary had asked the political cream to redefine the National Reconciliation Ordinance, its presentation in National Assembly and finally withdrawal, all points towards half-baked decisions!


8.      Beside all this, the growing influence of Pakistani Taliban and their daily suicide attacks have shaken the Punjab and especially NWFP province by storm and Interior Ministry especially where all roads go to Waziristan and Black Cat is no more in Pakistan slogan has lost its credibility. Taliban, originally, were termed as real ‘friends of Pakistan’ to counter the influence of India-led Hamid Karzai or Abduallah Abdullah as conceived by the former prime minister of Pakistan, late Benazir Bhutto! Now, from the Prime Minister Gilani accusation that “Pakistani Tahreek e Taliban and Bait Ullah Mehsud is the killer of late Benazir Bhutto without any thorough investigations as UN investigations are still not concluded,” has put Pakistani Taliban and rest of the religious forces against the PPP govt automatically. Even though President Zardari and Bilawal Zardari both iterated that ‘democracy is the real revenge’ implies that some other hands -not Bait ullah as he wasn’t any democratic force or to be revenged through democracy- are used in killing Benazir Bhutto, contradicts the higher-ups in PPP itself.


9.      The attacks at GHQ and Military mosque indicate that TTP is the fierce opponent of govt of Pakistan as well as military-establishment due to laters engagement with US and Allied forces. Wasn’t it looked pre planned to engulf the gap between the two old allies of 80s? Wasn’t it in the knowledge of Pakistani security authorities; the culture of tribes, their revenge process when drones, flying from Pakistani bases and killing Pashtun women & children upon instructions of US authorities, just because US feels threaten by Al Qaida or Taliban? This is the same subject that led “Rehman Malik at the back-foot with Mufti Rafi & Taqi Usmanis, in Darool Uloom Karachi , when asked for a blind-fatwa in favour of PPP govt, and refused by these scholars terming Drones as the main cause of Pashtun anger.”


10.  Indeed, with Deubandi Ulemas, who were inclined with Afghan-Jihad in 80s, they could have informed Rehman Malik about the main ingredients of present-day-Jihad. In simple, Al Qaida is a group of foreign elements, largely compose of Arab nationals fighting against the US authorities since Gulf war of 1991 whereas Taliban are, predominantly Pashtuns, comprise 70% of the population of Afghanistan & adjoining Pakistani territory of Waziristan, can’t be eliminated by US forces or drones, just for the sake that they are not inclined towards US policies or they refused to handover Osama, the prime accused of NY twin-tower tragedy. Every local Afghani feels that since 1979 they are under the phases of occupation – initially under USSR, then Najeeb ullah, later under Masood or Doustum in the form of warlords and from 2001 it continued in the form of NATO or USA . To make their territory free from these foreign aggressors, they, like their centuries old traditions, are fighting against them. This approach is the main content of present-day Jihad in Afghanistan , and fully endorsed by former University-graduate-Mujahadeen like Gulbadeen Hekmatyar, Rab Rasool Sayyaf groups or pro-Pakistani Jalal Uddin Haqqani group or their new generations including hardcore Madrasah-educated Taliban.


11.  I am sure, Rehman Malik should have been appraised that what went wrong with Taliban as their suicidal technique, within their limited resources, tribal culture, and simple understanding of Jihad, became distorted with killings of innocent Pakistanis in towns and cities. Either the philosophy of revenge over came the true spirit of Jihad (fight against combatants only) creating collateral damage in the form of innocent women & children or some Indian elements using the name of Taliban for suicide attacks, as poor Taliban can’t afford so much expensive RDX or explosive material on a daily basis, to destabilize Pakistan or some foreign elements took shelter in Taliban camp, purposely, while creating chaos in major cities of Pakistan – terming as Pakistan is an unsafe territory hence its nuclear assets are also not in safe custody. Thus they should be in ‘our’ control. For all these complex issues present-day Pakistan interior ministry is far below than expectations!


12.  Certainly, Rehman Malik should have been updated, during his visit that, when Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) had migrated to Madinah, first thing after establishing his authority – means Islamic Govt, he had asked foreign powers to follow the divine revelations with the help of that he has formed a classic society in Arabia, presenting a message, in 7th century, of peace, equality, & social justice, . The idea especially for rulers, was very simple, “Dear leaders! You need to follow the means & ways for the betterment of your people otherwise we (Muslims) will guide you towards the right approach. If not then we will fight (Jihad) with you until we succeed & then we’ll implement the rule of Allah in your land.” Due to Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon him) letter, Iranian ruler of those days became angry and torn it out. This was the main cause of Jihad during those days between Muslims (Companions of Holy Prophet) and Iranian army. I am sure, if Pakistani interior minister would have been there, he should be supporting Iranian ruler and terming the then Muslims, as terrorists!

Posted via email from nadia_khaan's posterous